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Reconstructing Swedish Food Consumption from Hospital Diets after 1870
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Ecology of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 0367-0244, Vol. 43, no 3, 149-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Food consumption is of great interest from an environmental point of view since different diets have a significant impact on space, water, and the use of other resources. This article studies the quantity and composition of food consumption in Sweden between 1870 and 2000. The primary material, consisting of historical hospital dietary regulations from 1871 to 1928, is introduced in detail and compared to other national investigations. The results show a distinctive increase in the consumption of meat, fish, vegetables, and fruits, with a parallel decrease in cereal and milk consumption. Strong regional patterns could be detected concerning the consumption of meat and fish. The data are compared to other national investigations and particularly to studies of German and Finnish food consumption in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 43, no 3, 149-179 p.
Keyword [en]
Food consumption, Sweden, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, hospital diet
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13349DOI: 10.1080/03670240490446786OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13349DiVA: diva2:20409
Available from: 2005-09-02 Created: 2005-09-02 Last updated: 2009-06-04
In thesis
1. Environmental Imprint of Human Food Consumption: Linköping, Sweden 1870 - 2000
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Imprint of Human Food Consumption: Linköping, Sweden 1870 - 2000
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Human food consumption has changed from the late 19th century to the turn of the millennium, and so has the need for resources to sustain this consumption. For the city of Linköping, situated in southeastern Sweden, the environmental imprint of an average inhabitant’s food consumption is studied from the year 1870 to the year 2000. The average consumer is the driving factor in this study, since changes in food consumption have a direct influence on the environmental imprint. This thesis analyses the environmental imprint of human food consumption from a historical perspective, by applying two different methods. An analysis of the average Swedish food consumption creates the basis for a material flow analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as a study of the spatial imprint.

Emissions of nitrogen and phosphorus into the hydrosphere have decreased over this period for the system of food consumption and production for an average consumer, while the input via chemical fertilizer has increased significantly. The efficiency of this system could be increased if for instance more phosphorus in human excreta would be reused within the system instead of large deposition and losses into the hydrosphere. The spatial imprint of human food consumption shows, given the changing local preconditions, that less space would be needed for regional production of the consumed food. However, the share of today’s import and thus globally produced food doubles this spatial imprint.

The results of this study show not only a strong influence of the consumption of meat and other animal products on the environmental imprint, but also great potential in the regional production of food. In the context of an increasing urban population, and thus additional billions of people who will live at an increasing distance from the agricultural production land, concern for the direct effects of our human food consumption can be of decisive importance for future sustainable food supply.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2005. 580 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 333
Keyword
food consumption, 19th and 20th century, Sweden, material flow analysis, (MFA), substance flow analysis, nitrogen, phosphorus, spatial imprint, lantbruk, miljöaspekter, livsmedelsindustri, livsmedelskonsumtion, markanvändning, Östergötland, 1800-talet
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-3592 (URN)91-85299-95-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2005-09-09, Elysion, Hus T, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2005-09-02 Created: 2005-09-02 Last updated: 2014-09-04Bibliographically approved

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Schmid Neset, Tina-Simone

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