Explicit processing demands reveal language modality specific organization of working memory
2008 (English)In: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, ISSN 1081-4159, E-ISSN 1465-7325, Vol. 13, no 4, 466-484 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The working memory model for Ease of Language Understanding(ELU) predicts that processing differences between languagemodalities emerge when cognitive demands are explicit. Thisprediction was tested in three working memory experiments withparticipants who were Deaf Signers (DS), Hearing Signers (HS),or Hearing Nonsigners (HN). Easily nameable pictures were usedas stimuli to avoid confounds relating to sensory modality.Performance was largely similar for DS, HS, and HN, suggestingthat previously identified intermodal differences may be dueto differences in retention of sensory information. When explicitprocessing demands were high, differences emerged between DSand HN, suggesting that although working memory storage in bothgroups is sensitive to temporal organization, retrieval is notsensitive to temporal organization in DS. A general effect ofsemantic similarity was also found. These findings are discussedin relation to the ELU model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 13, no 4, 466-484 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13356DOI: 10.1093/deafed/enn005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13356DiVA: diva2:20475
On the day of the defence date the title of this article was Space for compensation: Further support for a visuospatial array for temporary storage in working memory for deaf native signers.2005-09-212005-09-212014-09-22