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Att veta när man ska göra det man vet att man ska göra: om barn med ADHD, uppfattning av tid och att komma ihåg att göra det man har planerat
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
2005 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
Knowing when to do the things you know you are to do : on children with ADHD, sense of time and remembering to carry out the things you have planned (English)
Abstract [sv]

I den här studien undersöks om det är bristande tidsuppfattning som orsakar sämre prospektivt minne hos barn med diagnos ADHD. Studien syftar även till att utreda vad prospektivt minne har för relation till arbetsminne och exekutiva funktioner.

Studien har genomförts genom att två grupper, en grupp barn med diagnos ADHD och en kontrollgrupp, har utfört uppgifter som ger mått på prospektivt minne, tidsuppfattning, arbetsminne och exekutiva funktioner. Barnen i ADHD-gruppen har även deltagit i en intervju.

Resultaten visar att det inte finns någon skillnad i prestation på den prospektiva minnesuppgiften, men att barnen i ADHD-gruppen utvecklar en sämre strategi än barnen i kontrollgruppen för att klara uppgiften. Resultaten visar att barnen med ADHD presterar sämre än andra på tidsuppfattningsuppgiften, däremot visas ingen skillnad mellan grupperna i prestation på exekutiva funktioner eller arbetsminne. Det går inte med uppgifterna i den här studien att visa på några direkta samband mellan de olika undersökta funktionerna och prospektivt minne.

Abstract [en]

This study examines whether a lacking sense of time causes a negative effect on prospective memory in children with ADHD. In addition, the study investigates how prospective memory is related to working memory and executive functions.

The study explores two groups of children. One group consists of children diagnosed with ADHD and the other one is a control group. The two groups carried out tasks aimed at measuring prospective memory, sense of time, working memory, and executive functions. The children with ADHD also were interviewed.

The results yielded no difference between the groups in regards of the prospective memory assignment. However, the children in the ADHD group used a poorer strategy to solve the assigned task. The results further demonstrate that the children with ADHD presented a poorer outcome in the concept of time assignment. In contrast, there was no clear distinction between the groups in terms of executive functions and working memory. The study found no direct relationship between the examined functions and prospective memory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för datavetenskap , 2005. , 58 p.
Keyword [sv]
ADHD, prospektivt minne, arbetsminne, tidsuppfattning, exekutiva funktioner
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4267ISRN: LIU-KOGVET-D--05/14--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-4267DiVA: diva2:20576
Uppsok
teknik
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Examiners
Available from: 2005-10-12 Created: 2005-10-12

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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