Multicriteria analysis and GIS application in the selection of sustainable motorway corridor
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Effects of functioning transportation infrastructure are receiving more and more environmental and social concern nowadays. Nevertheless, preliminary corridor plans are usually developed on the basis of technical and economic criteria exclusively. By the time of environmental impact assessment (EIA), which succeeds, relocation is practically impossible and only preventative measures can be applied.
This paper proposes a GIS-based method of delimiting motorway corridor and integrating social, environmental and economic factors into the early stages of planning. Multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) techniques are used to assess all possible alternatives. GIS-held weighted shortest path algorithm enables to locate the corridor. The evaluation criteria are exemplary. They include nature conservation, buildings, forests and agricultural resources, and soils. Resulting evaluation surface is divided into a grid of cells, which are assigned suitability scores derived from all evaluation criteria. Subsequently, a set of adjacent cells connecting two pre-specified points is traced by the least-cost path algorithm. The best alternative has a lowest total value of suitability scores.
As a result, the proposed motorway corridor is routed from origin to destination. It is afterwards compared with an alternative derived by traditional planning procedures. Concluding remarks are that the location criteria need to be adjusted to meet construction
requirements as well as analysis process to be automated. Nevertheless, the geographic information system and the embedded shortest path algorithm proved to be well suited for preliminary corridor location analysis. Future research directions are sketched.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för datavetenskap , 2005. , 81 p.
geographical information system (GIS), motorway routing, multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA), road corridor location, sustainability.
Other Computer and Information Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4399ISRN: LIU-IDA-D20--05/019--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-4399DiVA: diva2:20616