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När man talar om trollen: Personreferens i svenskt samtalsspråk
Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2005 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis investigates reference to non-present, singular persons in Swedish talk-ininteraction. The overall aim of the study is to analyse instances of person reference as parts of their linguistic, sequential and social contexts, and to describe these instances with regard to interactional, formal/structural, and functional aspects. An important point of departure for the study is that instances of person reference must be analysed as choices from different alternatives. This means that instances of person reference should neither be thought of as mere manifestations of the speaker’s own state of knowledge of the referent and her/his assessment of the addressee’s knowledge state, nor as reflections of structural aspects of the discourse. Theoretically and methodologically, the study belongs to the fields of interactional linguistics and conversation analysis (CA). The data for the study are drawn from naturally occurring everyday and institutional interaction and includes two-party and multi-party interaction, and telephone as well as face-to-face interaction.

The analyses of introductory references to persons highlight issues such as the speaker’s claimed knowledge of/familiarity with the referent as well as the claims being made on behalf of the addressee, the role and importance of the referent in the activity of the talk, and the implications of person reference on the affiliation/disaffiliation of the participants with the referent, as well as with each other. The analyses of references to persons that have already been introduced in the interaction centres on partly different issues. The categorization of these references is based on two factors; the first being the sequential position of the reference and the second being whether the reference contributes to sequential continuity or discontinuity. The analyses emphasize that referential choice is an important resource for the construction of continuity and discontinuity, and that participants make use of these resources in unmarked as well as marked ways. This means that participants choose between different referential expressions, and these choices have different consequences depending on, inter alia, the sequential position of the reference. The study shows that reference to persons is doubly contextual: participants’ referential choices are made in consideration of the foregoing as well as the upcoming activity of the talk. Consequently, in order to adequately describe instances of person reference, the sequential context must be taken into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2005. , 316 p.
Studies in Language and Culture, ISSN 1403-2570 ; 6Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 320
Keyword [en]
interactional linguistics, conversation analysis, reference to persons, sequential organization, continuity, discontinuity, Swedish talk-in-interaction.
Keyword [sv]
svenska språket, samtalsanalys, språkvetenskap
National Category
Specific Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4588ISBN: 91-85297-83-6OAI: diva2:20648
Public defence
2005-06-03, Key 1, Key-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2005-11-08 Created: 2005-11-08 Last updated: 2014-09-04Bibliographically approved

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Öqvist, Jenny
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