Nitrogen fixation in the Baltic proper: An empirical study
2000 (English)In: Journal of Marine Systems, ISSN 0924-7963, Vol. 25, no 3-4, 239-248 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nitrogen as the limiting nutrient for primary production in the eutrophic Baltic proper has been under debate. Based on only a limited number of actual measurements, nitrogen fixation has been assumed to be the only significant internal nitrogen source. It is then assumed that about one fifth of the net nitrogen load to the Baltic proper comes from nitrogen fixation by cyanobacteria. An alternative or additional source is utilisation of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON).
In the present study, we hypothesise that nitrogen fixation is the only internal source for inorganic nitrogen. This was done in order to investigate its potential to maintain net primary production during summer. If inorganic nitrogen is depleted after the spring bloom and if inorganic phosphorus still remains in significant concentrations, then a continuous decrease in phosphorus may be coupled to the net nitrogen fixation rate by cyanobacteria. The estimated phosphorus consumption is adjusted for external and internal inputs. An estimate of the assumed net annual nitrogen fixation based on the proper Redfield ratio in the surface layer down to the seasonal thermocline is calculated for a number of monitoring stations in the Baltic proper. Typical values of nitrogen fixation are in the range 10–130 μmol m−3 day−1. A simple integration over the Baltic proper gives an internal load in the range 30–260×103 ton N year−1. Another result is an east–west gradient in fixation rate that may reflect the nitrogen load.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 25, no 3-4, 239-248 p.
nitrogen fixation, cyanobacteria, Baltic proper, eutrophication
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13423DOI: 10.1016/S0924-7963(00)00018-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13423DiVA: diva2:20698