Model Studies of Surface Waves and Sediment Resuspension in the Baltic Sea
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Wave heights and periods of surface waves in the Baltic Sea have been modelled for a two-year period (1999-2000) with the wave model Hypas on an 11x11-km grid scale. There is a clear seasonal variation with higher waves during winter and lower during summer. This is mainly a reflection of the wind climate in the area where the winters are windier than the summers. The largest waves are found in the Skagerrak and over the deeper, eastern areas in the Baltic Proper.
In the Baltic Sea, the surface waves influence the bottom sediment by initiating resuspension down to 80 m depths. This process is dependent not only on the waves but also on the varying grain size diameters. Fine and medium sand resuspend more often than other sediment types, and these sediments cover together about 25% of the Baltic Proper area. On average sediment is here resuspended 4-5 times per month with a duration for each event of 22 hours. The highest resuspension frequencies are found on the eastern and southern side of the Baltic Proper.
During resuspension sediment grains are lifted up into the water mass and matters earlier bound in the sediment can be released. This may stimulate both production and degradation of organic matter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2005. , 49 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 332
Surface waves, Wave model, Wave friction velocity, Resuspension, Sediment dynamics, Nitrogen fixation, Baltic Sea
Havsvågor, Östersjön, Oceanografi, Sediment
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4680ISBN: 91-85299-94-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-4680DiVA: diva2:20699
2005-09-23, Elysion, Hus T, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:00 (English)
Rahm, LarsDanielsson, Åsa
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