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Municipal officers on implementing the EU Water Framework Directive in Sweden regarding agricultural nutrient flows
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2004 (English)In: Local Environment, ISSN 1354-9839 (print) 1469-6711 (online), Vol. 9, no 1, 65-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article analyses the perceptions at municipal level of potentials and problems in implementing integrated catchment management of water resources as proposed in the EU Water Framework Directive, expressed in views on how to reduce nutrient leakage from agricultural production. Heads of environmental authorities, spatial planners and environmental officers are among the professionals that will be key actors when implementing the WFD at the local level. Using a process of active focus group interviews, officials from municipal environmental offices studied, reflected upon and discussed the suggested plan concerning their part of implementing WFD. The municipal officers stressed certain conditions that have to be met to implement WFD in a sustainable manner. The most important conditions are clear environmental goals and management plans with support in legislation, which would put the necessary pressure upon local politicians to prioritize the WFD and take action. The respondents perceived the WFD would offer a changed approach in work routines with farmers towards partnerships for sustainable water resource management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 9, no 1, 65-79 p.
Keyword [en]
EU Water Framework Directive, focus groups, nitrogen leaching, sustainable water resource management
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13439DOI: 10.1080/1354983042000176601OAI: diva2:20727
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18 Last updated: 2009-05-07
In thesis
1. Managing agricultural nutrient leaching within the EC Water Framework Directive in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing agricultural nutrient leaching within the EC Water Framework Directive in Sweden
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Agricultural management practices geared towards reducing nutrient leaching are in focus for the research presented in this thesis. Critical measures for reducing diffuse pollution from the agricultural sector depend on decisions of individual farmers. It is useful to take stock of what different stakeholders are actually doing to reduce nutrient leaching and analyze their reasoning before defining a new administrative process. Stakeholder perceptions about potentials and problems concerning management of agricultural practices are analyzed with a systems approach using various analytical methods, and put in relation to the implementation of EC Water Framework Directive in Sweden. The methods used include surveys, focus group interviews, model comparison, sensitivity analyses and analyses of climate change implications.

The results indicate a general positive attitude among stakeholders towards the main characteristics of the newly introduced directive. They also reveal that a move towards a pro-active process was perceived as an additional positive factor for the improvement of water quality, where specific activities and measures are carried out according to planning based on local assessments. The respondents pointed out that a national approach would put necessary pressure on local politicians to define environmental objectives and provide resources to fulfil them. The current findings indicate that decision making for farmers is a complex procedure and that the different factors need to be addressed in order to obtain a change in agricultural practices.

Consistent legislation that is clear about power and rights is fundamental for cooperation to function when volunteerism and enthusiasm are absent. Environmental and socio-economic conditions change constantly, and administration has to be flexible to be able to adapt. Having access to and being able to use relevant data is only one important factor for stakeholder involvement. To give farmers the opportunity to further develop production towards reduced nutrient losses, appropriate information provided in all the right arenas is crucial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2003. 60 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 284
nutrient leaching, agricultural pollution, C Water Framework Directive, water quality, legislation, övergödning, lantbruk
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4712 (URN)91-7373-788-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2003-12-12, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18 Last updated: 2014-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Bratt, Anna-Lena
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Department of Water and Environmental StudiesFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

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