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Managing agricultural nutrient leaching within the EC Water Framework Directive in Sweden
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Agricultural management practices geared towards reducing nutrient leaching are in focus for the research presented in this thesis. Critical measures for reducing diffuse pollution from the agricultural sector depend on decisions of individual farmers. It is useful to take stock of what different stakeholders are actually doing to reduce nutrient leaching and analyze their reasoning before defining a new administrative process. Stakeholder perceptions about potentials and problems concerning management of agricultural practices are analyzed with a systems approach using various analytical methods, and put in relation to the implementation of EC Water Framework Directive in Sweden. The methods used include surveys, focus group interviews, model comparison, sensitivity analyses and analyses of climate change implications.

The results indicate a general positive attitude among stakeholders towards the main characteristics of the newly introduced directive. They also reveal that a move towards a pro-active process was perceived as an additional positive factor for the improvement of water quality, where specific activities and measures are carried out according to planning based on local assessments. The respondents pointed out that a national approach would put necessary pressure on local politicians to define environmental objectives and provide resources to fulfil them. The current findings indicate that decision making for farmers is a complex procedure and that the different factors need to be addressed in order to obtain a change in agricultural practices.

Consistent legislation that is clear about power and rights is fundamental for cooperation to function when volunteerism and enthusiasm are absent. Environmental and socio-economic conditions change constantly, and administration has to be flexible to be able to adapt. Having access to and being able to use relevant data is only one important factor for stakeholder involvement. To give farmers the opportunity to further develop production towards reduced nutrient losses, appropriate information provided in all the right arenas is crucial.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2003. , 60 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 284
Keyword [en]
nutrient leaching, agricultural pollution, C Water Framework Directive, water quality, legislation
Keyword [sv]
övergödning, lantbruk
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4712ISBN: 91-7373-788-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-4712DiVA: diva2:20729
Public defence
2003-12-12, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18 Last updated: 2014-09-01Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Local Knowledge for Management within the EU Water Framework Directive in a Swedish Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local Knowledge for Management within the EU Water Framework Directive in a Swedish Region
2000 (English)In: Nordic Hydrological Conference 2000: Volume 2, Uppsala, June 26-30, 2000, 463–471- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13436 (URN)
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18 Last updated: 2009-02-09
2. Farmers' Choices: Management Practices to Reduce Nutrient Leakage within a Swedish Catchment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Farmers' Choices: Management Practices to Reduce Nutrient Leakage within a Swedish Catchment
2002 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, Vol. 45, no 5, 673-689 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses farmers' strategies on management practices for the reduction of nutrient releases, within a Swedish catchment. The main objective of the European Union water framework directive is to obtain good ecological water quality, and the approach is specifically stipulated to be catchment-based. Eutrophication is generally stated as the main environmental problem in water management and agricultural production is the major cause of nutrient leakage. The analysis concentrates on current agricultural management practices to reduce nutrient leakage. Farmers are beginning to experience a new awareness about nutrient use and see manure as a resource instead of a waste product. Further, those factors that are decisive for decision making are investigated, including information sources. The farm economy, the level of ecological knowledge and regulations illustrate the main obstacles linked to decision making. Professional magazines and informal discussions are considered the most esteemed information sources. Farmers' disposition to change, and co-operation, are also discussed, both of which are of vital importance for the development of new official administrative procedures.

National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13437 (URN)10.1080/0964056022000013066 (DOI)
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18
3. Farmers questions and model answers on nitrogen leakage
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Farmers questions and model answers on nitrogen leakage
2003 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13438 (URN)
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18
4. Municipal officers on implementing the EU Water Framework Directive in Sweden regarding agricultural nutrient flows
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Municipal officers on implementing the EU Water Framework Directive in Sweden regarding agricultural nutrient flows
2004 (English)In: Local Environment, ISSN 1354-9839, Vol. 9, no 1, 65-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article analyses the perceptions at municipal level of potentials and problems in implementing integrated catchment management of water resources as proposed in the EU Water Framework Directive, expressed in views on how to reduce nutrient leakage from agricultural production. Heads of environmental authorities, spatial planners and environmental officers are among the professionals that will be key actors when implementing the WFD at the local level. Using a process of active focus group interviews, officials from municipal environmental offices studied, reflected upon and discussed the suggested plan concerning their part of implementing WFD. The municipal officers stressed certain conditions that have to be met to implement WFD in a sustainable manner. The most important conditions are clear environmental goals and management plans with support in legislation, which would put the necessary pressure upon local politicians to prioritize the WFD and take action. The respondents perceived the WFD would offer a changed approach in work routines with farmers towards partnerships for sustainable water resource management.

Keyword
EU Water Framework Directive, focus groups, nitrogen leaching, sustainable water resource management
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13439 (URN)10.1080/1354983042000176601 (DOI)
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18 Last updated: 2009-05-07
5. Potential changes to nutrient leaching from adaptation of Swedish agricultural production to climate change
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Potential changes to nutrient leaching from adaptation of Swedish agricultural production to climate change
2003 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13440 (URN)
Available from: 2003-12-18 Created: 2003-12-18

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Bratt, Anna-Lena

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