Fluxes of CO2, CH4 and N2O from drained organic soils in deciduous forests
2005 (English)In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, ISSN 0038-0717, Vol. 37, no 6, 1059-1071 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We examined net greenhouse gas exchange at the soil surface in deciduous forests on soils with high organic contents. Fluxes of CO2, CH4 and N2O were measured using dark static chambers for two consecutive years in three different forest types; (i) a drained and medium productivity site dominated by birch, (ii) a drained and highly productive site dominated by alder and (iii) an undrained and highly productive site dominated by alder. Although the drained sites had shallow mean groundwater tables (15 and 18 cm, respectively) their average annual rates of forest floor CO2 release were almost twice as high compared to the undrained site (1.9±0.4 and 1.7±0.3, compared to 1.0±0.2 kg CO2 m−2 yr−1). The average annual CH4 emission was almost 10 times larger at the undrained site (7.6±3.1 compared to 0.9±0.5 g CH4 m−2 yr−1 for the two drained sites). The average annual N2O emissions at the undrained site (0.1±0.05 g N2O m−2 yr−1) were lower than at the drained sites, and the emissions were almost five times higher at the drained alder site than at the drained birch site (0.9±0.35 compared to 0.2±0.11 g N2O m−2 yr−1). The temporal variation in forest floor CO2 release could be explained to a large extent by differences in groundwater table and air temperature, but little of the variation in the CH4 and N2O fluxes could be explained by these variables. The measured soil variables were only significant to explain for the within-site spatial variation in CH4 and N2O fluxes at the undrained swamp, and dark forest floor CO2 release was not explained by these variables at any site. The between-site spatial variation was attributed to variations in drainage, groundwater level position, productivity and tree species for all three gases. The results indicate that N2O emissions are of greater importance for the net greenhouse gas exchange at deciduous drained forest sites than at coniferous drained forest sites.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 37, no 6, 1059-1071 p.
Forest drainage; Greenhouse effect; Methane; Carbon dioxide; Nitrous oxide; Organic soil; Tree species
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13453DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2004.11.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13453DiVA: diva2:20777