Context driven policy design in urban water management: A case study of Windhoek, Namibia
2005 (English)In: Urban water journal, ISSN 1744-9006 (electronic) 1573-062X (paper), Vol. 2, no 3, 151-160 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Urban water management in the southern cities of Namibia is composed through both a formal and an informal system. In the formal system, controlling demand is the key issue, and in the informal system, an improved accessibility to water is fundamental. The main issue raised in this paper is how authorities can support an ever-increasing poor population with water and at the same time keep demand among households with private water connections at a reasonable level. To decrease the demand for water in Windhoek, a thorough water demand management strategy (WDM) was launched in 1994. Water managers showed a high level of adaptability to the alarming water situation. One of the lessons learned from the implementation in Windhoek is that dedicated people with active involvement and vision are important for successful WDM. The budget must be allocated on a continuous basis for the implementation of certain WDM measures and a degree of flexibility among water users is important for the strategy to be successful. The dual situation experienced in cities in the South where both a need to expand services, and at the same time control demand, calls for a new approach in urban water management. Strategies need to be socially specific and flexible to changing pre-conditions. Therefore, a context driven policy design is advocated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 2, no 3, 151-160 p.
Urban water management; Urban growth; Water demand management; Social adaptability; Context driven policy design
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13463DOI: 10.1080/15730620500236468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13463DiVA: diva2:20803