Spin splitting in open quantum dots and related systems
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis addresses electron spin phenomena in semi-conductor quantum dots/anti-dots from a computational perspective. In the first paper (paper I) we have studied spin-dependent transport through open quantum dots, i.e., dots strongly coupled to their leads, within the Hubbard model. Results in this model were found consistent with experimental data and suggest that spin-degeneracy is lifted inside the dot – even at zero magnetic field.
Similar systems were also studied with electron-electron effects incorporated via Density Functional Theory (DFT) in paper III. Within DFT we found a significant spin-polarisation in the dot at low electron densities. As the electron density increases the spin polarisation in the dot gradually diminishes. These findings are consistent with available experimental observations. Notably, the polarisation is qualitatively different from the one found in the Hubbard model – this indicates that the simplified approach to electronelectron interaction in the Hubbard model might not always be reliable.
In paper II we propose a spin-filter device based on resonant backscattering of edge states against a quantum anti-dot embedded in a quantum wire. A magnetic field is applied and the spin up/spin down states are separated through Zeeman splitting. Their respective resonant states may be tuned so that the device can be used to filter either spin in a controlled way.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap , 2005. , 42 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1210
mesoscopic systems, 2DEG, ballistic transport, quantum dots, spin-polarised transport in quantum dots, spontanueous spin-splitting
National CategoryCondensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-4939ISBN: 91-85457-69-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-4939DiVA: diva2:20828
2005-12-12, K3, Täppan, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (English)
Report code: LIU-Tek-Lic 2005:652005-11-242005-11-24
List of papers