Malignant mixed Mullerian tumors of the uterus: a clinicopathologic, DNA flow cytometric, p53, and mdm-2 analysis of 44 cases
1998 (English)In: Gynecologic Oncology, ISSN 0090-8258, Vol. 68, no 1, 18-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: The authors retrospectively analyzed the prognostic significance of p53, mdm-2, DNA ploidy, S-phase fraction (SPF), and traditional clinical and pathologic factors in patients with malignant mixed Müllerian tumors (MMMT) of the uterus. METHODS: Between 1970 and 1995, 44 uterine tumors were diagnosed as MMMT (21 stage I, 2 stage II, 10 stage III, and 11 stage IV). Thirty-two were homologous type and 12 were heterologous type. DNA flow cytometry and immunohistochemical analysis for p53 and mdm-2 overexpression were performed on paraffin-embedded archival tissue. RESULTS: 68% of the tumors were nondiploid and 61% had an SPF greater than 10%. Sixty-one percent overexpressed p53 and 25% were mdm-2-positive. Furthermore, 91% of the tumors had a mitotic count greater than 10/10 hpf and 95% had high-grade cytologic atypia. Twenty-seven (61%) patients died of tumor and 6 (14%) died of intercurrent disease. Eleven (25%) patients are alive with no evidence of disease. The median follow-up for patients still alive was 59 months (range, 28-178 months). The overall 5-year survival rate was 38%. In a univariate analysis that included stage, histologic type, DNA ploidy, SPF, p53, mdm-2, mitotic index, and age, and with survival as the end point, only stage reached statistically prognostic significance. CONCLUSION: The majority of the tumors had obvious signs of aggressiveness such as high grade, high mitotic count, nondiploid pattern, high SPF, and overexpression of p53. This study found that stage is the most important prognostic factor for survival in MMMTs of the uterus.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 68, no 1, 18-24 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13511OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13511DiVA: diva2:20883