STM studies of the Sn/Ge(111)√3x√3 and 3x3 surfaces
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) was used to study the room temperature (RT) √3x√3 and the low temperature (LT) 3x3 surfaces of Sn/Ge(111). The Sn/Ge(111)√3x√3 surface was prepared under different conditions. Nine sample preparations were performed with various Sn coverage and annealing treatments. The conditions that produced the best √3x√3 surface (low defect density and minimal area covered by islands and disorder) were: i) Sn coverage of 0.38 ML, ii) sample temperature slightly above that corresponding to the c(2x8) to 1x1 transition. This optimum preparation was used for the STM study of the LT 3x3 phase. The apparent height distribution of the Sn atoms in the 3x3 phase was analysed in detail and discussed in relation to the Sn 4d core-level line shape. Two peaks were observed in the apparent height distribution of the Sn atoms corresponding to the up and down atoms constituting the 3x3 reconstruction. Simulated Sn 4d core-level spectra were generated from the distribution by assuming a linear relation between the apparent height and the core-level binding energy. The simulated spectra are compared to experimental spectra appearing in the literature.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17370OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17370DiVA: diva2:208847