Microdialysis of 5-S-cysteinyldopa from interstitial fluid in cutaneous human melanoma transplanted to athymic mice
1991 (English)In: Melanoma Research, ISSN 0960-8931, Vol. 1, no 1, 23-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Microdialysis was investigated as a tool for the determination of the extracellular concentration of the pigment metabolite 5-S-cysteinyldopa in human melanoma transplanted to athymic mice. Histology of the tumour with the microdialysis probes in situ showed no tissue damage. With probes equipped with polycarbonate membranes (20 kD) extraction (relative recovery) was approximately 50% at pH 4.0 and flow rates of 1 microliter/min, but at pH 7.0 recoveries were markedly lower, particularly from serum. In a first series of human melanomas transplanted to athymic mice low concentrations of 5-S-cysteinyldopa were detected in only two out of ten dialysates and were not detected in the other eight. Utilizing devices constructed for comparison of membrane characteristics in vitro we found about 4-fold higher recoveries with cuprophane and polyamide membranes than with polycarbonate membranes. Therefore newly constructed microdialysis probes (CMA/11) with cuprophane membranes were tested in vitro and gave recoveries of 38-48% from Ringer-Acetate solutions and 22-31% from serum, and the pH effects were low. When these probes were utilized in a second series of melanomas transplanted to athymic mice, 5-S-cysteinyldopa could easily be quantified in 10/10 experiments. A steady-state level of the dialysate 5-S-cysteinyldopa concentration was reached after 45 min.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1991. Vol. 1, no 1, 23-32 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13524DiVA: diva2:20908