Comparison of N-acetylcysteine and l-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate as cysteine deliverers and glutathione precursors in human malignant melanoma transplants in mice
2000 (English)In: Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology, ISSN 0344-5704 (Print) 1432-0843 (Online), Vol. 45, no 3, 192-198 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: Glutathione is an important cellular compound which affects detoxification of electrophiles and may have direct or indirect effects on pigment formation. It is therefore of importance to study interstitial concentrations in melanoma tissue while decreasing its formation with an enzyme inhibitor and increasing its amount with cysteine deliverers. Method: Glutathione formation was inhibited by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of BSO. N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) and l-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate (OTC) were then given i.p. to subgroups of the animals. Intratumoral microdialysis was performed during BSO treatment, during BSO treatment combined with NAC or OTC and after discontinuation of BSO but ongoing NAC or OTC treatment. Results: Glutathione formation was inhibited during BSO treatment. The dialysate concentrations of both glutathione and cysteine decreased during concomitant treatment with BSO and NAC or OTC. Recovery of the amounts of the two compounds was seen in both groups after discontinuation of BSO treatment. In the NAC group we also observed an acute increase in dialysate concentrations of cysteine after NAC injection. The 5-S-cysteinyldopa concentrations were unaffected by variations in glutathione and cysteine concentrations. Conclusions: 5-S-Cysteinyldopa in melanoma is not formed from glutathione in vivo to any appreciable extent. The intracellular amount of cysteine is probably not a limiting factor for cysteinyldopa formation. It seems that both NAC and OTC can be used as cysteine deliverers to melanoma cells in vivo to produce recovery of glutathione levels after synthesis inhibition by BSO treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 45, no 3, 192-198 p.
N-Acetylcysteine, Athymic mice, Buthionine 4-sulphoximine, 5-S-Cysteinyldopa, Microdialysis, Glutathione, l-2-Oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13527DOI: 10.1007/s002800050029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13527DiVA: diva2:20911