liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Making functional sales environmentally and economically beneficial through product remanufacturing
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Assembly technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2552-3636
Georgia Institute of Technology, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Systems Realization Laboratory, Atlanta, GA, USA.
2005 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 13, no 9, 913-925 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Functional sales have both economic and environmental benefits—especially when the functional sales contracts are used in connection with product remanufacturing. This paper elucidates these benefits and provides an argument for why products to be used for functional sales should be remanufactured. To achieve an efficient remanufacturing process, the products aimed for remanufacturing should be adapted for the process as much as possible. The analyses of remanufacturing facilities for household appliances and automotive parts revealed that the cleaning and repairing steps are most critical in the remanufacturing process. To facilitate these two steps, the product designers should focus on giving the products the following properties: ease of access, ease of handling, ease of separation and wear resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 13, no 9, 913-925 p.
Keyword [en]
Functional sales; Service selling; Remanufacturing; Design for environment; Ecodesign; Design for remanufacturing and activity based costing (ABC)
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13540DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2004.04.006ISI: 000228201100005OAI: diva2:20929
Available from: 2004-12-07 Created: 2004-12-07 Last updated: 2016-04-12
In thesis
1. Product and Process Design for Successful Remanufacturing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product and Process Design for Successful Remanufacturing
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Remanufacturing is an industrial process where used products are restored to useful life. This dissertation describes how products can be designed to facilitate the remanufacturing process. It also describes how the remanufacturing processes can be improved to be more efficient.

When comparing remanufacturing with other end-of-life scenarios, it is hard from an environmental perspective to determine which scenario is preferable. This research has shown that remanufacturing is preferable to new manufacturing from a natural resource perspective. With remanufacturing the efforts that initially was used to shape the product part is salvaged. Furthermore, it has been found that it is environmentally and economically beneficial to have products designed for remanufacturing. To avoid obsolescence, the products must be easy to upgrade with new technology in the remanufacturing process.

In this dissertation, a generic remanufacturing process is described with all included steps that are needed to restore the products to useful life. In order to make the remanufacturing process more efficient, the products need to be adapted for the process. Therefore, the preferable products properties facilitating each step in the generic remanufacturing process have been identified. A matrix (RemPro) was created to illustrate the relation between each and every generic remanufacturing step and the preferable product properties.

Remanufacturing case studies have shown that the companies performing remanufacturing often have problems with material flows, use of space and high inventory levels. This is often due to the uncertainties in the quality and the number of cores (used products) that will arrive at the remanufacturing plants. To overcome these problems, the remanufacturers need to achieve a better control over the product’s design and use phase, i.e. the life cycle phases that precede the remanufacturing process. This control is best performed by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs).

Furthermore, it has been found that Swedish manufacturers often have a weak relation between its environmental management systems and product issues, such as design for environment/remanufacturing. Design for environmental/remanufacturing aspects should be a crucial part of the manufacturers environmental management systems (EMSs) as the products stand for much of the material flows at the manufacturing companies. If the external auditors address the manufacturers to have a life cycle perspective on their business the manufacturer would be more likely to adapt the remanufacturing aspects in their environmental management systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2004. 96 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 906
Remanufacturing, generic remanufacturing, material flows, environmental
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5015 (URN)91-85295-73-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-11-06, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2004-12-07 Created: 2004-12-07 Last updated: 2016-04-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(375 kB)687 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 375 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textLink to Ph.D. thesis

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sundin, Erik
By organisation
Assembly technologyThe Institute of Technology
In the same journal
Journal of Cleaner Production
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 687 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 270 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link