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Typical patterns in road-traffic accidents during driver training: An explorative Swedish national study
Swedish National Road Administration, Borlänge, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
2004 (English)In: Accident Analysis & Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, Vol. 36, no 4, 603-608 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new law came into force in Sweden on 1 September 1993, which makes instructor-assisted driving practice possible at the age of 16 years instead of the previous 17 years and 6 months. When the age limit was reduced, the possibility that this would lead to more road-traffic accidents (RTA) during driving practice was discussed. The aim of this study was to highlight typical road-traffic accident patterns and to discuss their potential for improved training and targeted prevention. A total of 11 variables (41 categories) descriptive of the 1081 RTA involving novice drivers and police registered during the period 1994–1999 were analysed simultaneously using in turn, two multivariate analysis techniques: the Factorial Analysis of Correspondence (FAC) and the Hierarchical Ascendant Classification (HAC). Four accident classes were identified and quantified, of which the first two were more typical of rural areas: (1) accidents in rural areas on straight stretches and related to speed limit 70 km/h (n=306); (2) accidents in rural areas on straight stretches and high-speed related (n=97); (3) accidents in built-up areas, low-speed related and of the type rear-end (n=298); and (4) accidents in built-up areas, at road junctions and low-speed related (n=380). Together, these classes point to a variety of opportunities to develop ways of working with targeted prevention. Instead of adopting a general attempt to counteract the relationship between individual variables and accidents, it is possible instead to focus on a whole context and its relationship with its typical accidents and any resulting injuries. This, in its turn, allows greater specificity in the build up of the Swedish licence and training regulations and its corresponding course curriculum.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 36, no 4, 603-608 p.
Traffic accidents, Traffic safety, Learner drivers, Driver training, Factorial Analysis of Correspondence, Hierarchical Ascendant Classification
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13575DOI: 10.1016/S0001-4575(03)00068-XOAI: diva2:20978
Available from: 2001-04-19 Created: 2001-04-19
In thesis
1. Understanding Subgroups of Novice Drivers: A Basis for Increased Safety and Health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Subgroups of Novice Drivers: A Basis for Increased Safety and Health
2001 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Every year, drivers throughout the world are killed or injured in road traffic, particularly in developing countries. Young drivers run a greater risk everywhere, and this problem is still largely unsolved. Better understanding of the underlying processes could, however, be a useful tool in preventive endeavours. The aim of this thesis is to elucidate some of the accident problem among young car drivers. The focus is on understanding how lifestyle and other social and demographical factors influence the health of young people in terms of mobility and safety. Better knowledge of these factors makes it possible to design safety measures specially tailored for different subgroups. This is expected to help make the measures more effective and reduce the conflict between mobility and safety.

The thesis is based on five studies, the first of which focuses on the factors that influence young people in their decision concerning whether or not to obtain a driving licence (Paper I). In the second study, focus lies on how groups with different lifestyles and socio-economic background start practice driving and the benefit derived from the opportunity to practise from the age of 16 (Paper II). The third study aims at visualising accident patterns during driving practice (Paper III) while the fourth evaluates the effects of a reform that lowered the age limit for practice driving to 16 (Paper IV). The last study aims at analysing the relation between the lifestyles of young drivers and accidents (Paper V).

The results of the five studies underlines the complexity of the young driver problem. Many factors such as financial means, time and norms influence how many people take their licence and consequentially, safety and health (I). Socio-economic background together with lifestyle influences the possibility of obtaining a driving licence and of accumulating extensive driving practice (II), which is relevant as regards safety on the road for newly qualified drivers (IV). Paper III shows the prevalent accident pattern during driver training and Paper V shows that the accident risk is different in different lifestyle groups.

The combined results presented in the five papers offers the possibility of developing different countermeasures for the selective influencing of different groups under different conditions. If this is adapted as closely as possible to target groups and situations, it should be possible to significantly enhance safety without losing much of young drivers’ mobility, both during driving practice and afterwards.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2001. 47 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 665
novice drivers, security, health, accidents
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5037 (URN)91-7219-958-X (ISBN)
Public defence
2001-04-06, Berzeliussalen, Hälsouniversitetet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
On the day of the public defence of the doctoral thesis the status of the articles I was: Under review and article II was: Submitted. The titel of article III was "Typical accident patterns during driver training in Sweden – an explorative study using correspondence analysis". Aricle I and III are published in full text.Available from: 2001-04-19 Created: 2001-04-19 Last updated: 2012-01-24Bibliographically approved

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