Environmental integration and policy implementation: competing governance modes in waste management decision making
2009 (English)In: Environment and Planning. C, Government and Policy, ISSN 0263-774X, Vol. 27, no 1, 1-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Research into environmental policy integration (EPI) has focused very much on coordination issues associated with the preparation of policies at national and international levels. We instead examine some challenges in implementing EPI at the local level. We look at legal and policy frameworks relating to environmental governance and actual waste management decision making in five Swedish cities. We observe an implementation gap between the high-level policy ambitions relating to environmental governance of the waste sector, as expressed in national policy frameworks, and the local-level decision-making procedures and outcomes. Several discrepancies are identified: between national waste policy and the local decision premises, between local waste planning and project decision making, between knowledge gathering and project decision making, and between the legal mechanism in the development consent process and the national environmental quality objectives framework. Our study indicates that the governance frameworks at different levels are quite different, and at least partly incompatible, which causes important coordination problems across levels. Sectoral developments towards an industrial marketisation of waste have rendered frameworks such as local waste plans obsolete. We also find that the more traditional and coercive forms of governing the sector, such as consent, bans, and taxes, are the ones that have steering power, whereas new procedures, such as management by objectives, lack sufficient institutional and cognitive support structures to be effective.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 27, no 1, 1-18 p.
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17512DOI: 10.1068/c0794jOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17512DiVA: diva2:209906