Different Approaches to Standardized Environmental Management Systems in Local Authorities - Two Case Studies in Gothenburg and Newcastle
2004 (English)In: Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, ISSN 1535-3958 (print), 1535-3966 (online), Vol. 11, no 1, 48-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Local authorities have shown an increased interest in committing to voluntary environmental commitment. This paper analyses the use of one of them, standardized environmental management systems (EMSs). It examines how local authorities approach EMS implementation, using two case studies in two European cities, Newcastle City Council (UK) and Gothenburg City Council (Sweden). The research departs from four research topics: drivers; strategy for EMS implementation; integration, dissemination and acceptance; future development of the EMS work. The case study cities' EMS approaches are analysed starting from the three pillars of institutions: the regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive. The analyses reveal that both Newcastle and Gothenburg mainly use a normative approach to EMS implementation; however, there is a regulative inclination in Newcastle's approach. It has also been noted that there is a difference between the standards (e.g. ISO 14001 and EMAS) and the actual use of the standards. The standards are fairly regulative while the application of the standards varies from organization to organization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 11, no 1, 48-60 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13597DOI: 10.1002/csr.54OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13597DiVA: diva2:21006