Anesthetic management of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with the use of an axial flow pump and a short-acting beta-blocker
1999 (English)In: Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia, ISSN 1053-0770, Vol. 13, no 4, 431-436 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: To describe the clinical protocol regarding monitoring, pharmacologic interventions, and postoperative care during and after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on the beating heart with an axial flow pump and a short-acting β-blocker.
Design: A retrospective study.
Setting: A university hospital.
Participants: Seventeen patients scheduled for elective CABG.
Interventions: Invasive monitoring was performed with either a standard pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) or a surgically placed PAC. An axial flow pump was inserted through a graft sutured to the ascending aorta. A short-acting β-blocker was administered to decrease the motion of the heart and make conditions for CABG adequate and safe.
Measurements and main results: Compared with baseline measurements, there were significant decreases in mean arterial blood pressure, mixed venous oxygen saturation, and right ventricular ejection fraction during maximal axial flow pump support and β-blockade. No significant change in heart rate was observed at this time. Hemodynamic variables were normalized in the intensive care unit. All patients were separated from the Hemopump without inotropic support, and values of troponin-T, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase were low postoperatively. All patients survived and were discharged from the hospital.
Conclusion: The anesthetic protocol for patients undergoing surgery with a beating heart and the combined use of an axial flow pump and a short-acting β-blocker is outlined. Multiple-vessel CABG on the beating heart was performed with maintenance of an acceptable hemodynamic situation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 13, no 4, 431-436 p.
coronary artery bypass grafting, beating heart surgery, axial flow pump, β-blocker
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13609DOI: 10.1016/S1053-0770(99)90215-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13609DiVA: diva2:21052