Hemodynamic Evaluation of the Jarvik 2000 Heart During Heart Failure
2001 (English)In: ASAIO journal (1992), ISSN 1058-2916, E-ISSN 1538-943X, Vol. 46, no 2, 167- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Jarvik 2000 Heart is an axial flow left ventricular assist system designed for long-term circulatory support. Purpose: To assess the level of hemodynamic support provided by the Jarvik 2000 in an animal model, with acute, severe heart failure. Methods: Heart failure (HF) was induced in 5 calves by progressively ligating the LAD coronary artery. A continuous infusion of esmolol hydrochloride was given to maintain the stability of HF. Compared to normal baseline values, during heart failure CI decreased by 33% (p < 0.02), LAP increased by 16% (p < 0.03), and BP decreased by 28% (p < 0.13). Once stable HF was established, the pump was turned on, and hemodynamic measurements were obtained at pump speed settings that ranged from 8,000 to 12,000 rpm. Results: Selected, mean hemodynamic values are presented in the table, CI, LAP, and BP improved significantly (p < 0.05) at pump speeds >9000 rpm. Pulse pressure (PP) narrowed by 64% (p < 0.009), and the PAP remained unchanged.
Blood flow in the femoral artery increased but was not statistically significant. Other hemodynamic parameters such as HR, SVR, PVR, and CVP did not change significantly. Conclusions: The Jarvik 2000 Heart can provide a level of cardiac output support that normalizes the CI and LAP, while maintaining some arterial pressure pulsatility during HF. Systemic perfusion is increased while the left heart is unloaded.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wolters Kluwer, 2001. Vol. 46, no 2, 167- p.
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13612OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13612DiVA: diva2:21055
The previous status of this article was Manuscript and the titel in manuskript form was Hemodynamic evaluation of the Jarvik 2000 Heart during heart failure in a calf model.
ASAIO Cardiovascular Abstracts.2001-06-122001-06-122016-05-04Bibliographically approved