Driving problems and adaptive driving behavior after brain injury: A Qualitative Assessment
2001 (English)In: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, ISSN 0960-2011, Vol. 11, no 2, 171-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
One professional driving expert was interviewed after each of 22 on-road driving occasions with brain-injured patients. Driving problems were found in five prescribed qualitative dimensions: speed, manoeuvring, position, attention, and traffic behaviour. In addition, three non-prescribed qualitative dimensions were found: orientation, decision-making, and confidence. Also, adaptive aspects important for safe driving despite brain injury were identified: anticipatory attention, slowing down speed, interest and motivation for safe driving, and driving experience. The results are discussed in terms of a hierarchical model of driving performance. In addition, driving problems and adaptive aspects are discussed in relation to attention and information processing. Anticipatory attention is considered a working memory-based attention system, which is essential for driving quality. Practical implications are outlined, for example, educational practice for driving evaluators and adaptive driving behaviour for patients facilitating driving practice as a part of the rehabilitation programme.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 11, no 2, 171-185 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13620DOI: 10.1080/09602010042000240OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13620DiVA: diva2:21065