Comparing a multi-linear (STEP) and systemic (FRAM) method for accident analysis
2009 (English)In: Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications. / [ed] Martorell, S., Guedes Soares, C., & Barnett, J., London, UK: Taylor & Francis Group, 2009, 19-26 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Accident models and analysis methods affect what accident investigators look for, which contributing factors are found, and which recommendations are issued. This paper contrasts the Sequentially Timed Events Plotting (STEP) method and the Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) for accident analysis and modelling. The main issues addressed in this paper are comparing the established multi-linear method (STEP) with the systemic method (FRAM) and evaluating which new insights the latter systemic method provides for accident analysis in comparison to the former established multi-linear method. Since STEP and FRAM are based on a different understandings of the nature of accidents, the comparison of the methods focuses on what we can learn from both methods, how, when, and why to apply them. The main finding is that STEP helps to illustrate what happened, whereas FRAM illustrates the dynamic interactions within socio-technical systems and lets the analyst understand the how and why by describing non-linear dependencies, performance conditions, variability, and their resonance across functions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Taylor & Francis Group, 2009. 19-26 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17595DOI: 10.1016/j.ress.2010.06.003ISI: 000266027000003ISBN: 978-0-415-48513-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17595DiVA: diva2:210760
European Safety and Reliability Association Annual Conference (ESREL), September 2008, Valencia, Spain.