Can NT-proBNP predict risk of cardiovascular mortality within 10 years? Results from an epidemiological study of elderly patients with symptoms of heart failure
2009 (English)In: International journal of cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, Vol. 133, no 2, 233-240 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Heart failure has a serious prognosis. However, among elderly patients the panorama of concomitant diseases makes it difficult to implement the results from epidemiological studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different clinical variables on cardiovascular mortality during a long-term follow-up.
Methods and results: In all, 474 elderly patients (age 65-82 years) in primary health care were evaluated and followed during a 10 year period. All patients had symptoms associated with heart failure and were examined by a cardiologist. Blood samples including NT-proBNP were analyzed, and ECG and Doppler echocardiography were assessed. Both the systolic and diastolic function was evaluated. Functional capacity was evaluated according to the NYHA classification.
During the 10 years of follow-up those with the highest quartile of plasma concentration of NT-proBNP had almost four times increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. Impaired systolic function, diabetes and reduced functional capacity were all markers of increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. All variables were also evaluated after 5 years, with higher risk ratios for a majority of variables.
Conclusion: In this study 474 patients with symptoms of heart failure were followed during 10 years. High plasma concentration of NT-proBNP could predict almost four times increased risk of cardiovascular mortality up to 10 years. Also, impaired cardiac function according to echocardiography, and reduced functional capacity as well as diabetes all had influence on risk of cardiovascular mortality up to 10 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 133, no 2, 233-240 p.
Heart failure, Prognosis, Elderly patients, NT-proBNP
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17613DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.12.109OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17613DiVA: diva2:210857
Urban Alehagen and Ulf Dahlström, Can NT-proBNP predict risk of cardiovascular mortality within 10 years? Results from an epidemiological study of elderly patients with symptoms of heart failure, 2009, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY, (133), 2, 233-240.
Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam.