Particle-in-cell simulation of a strong double layer in a nonrelativistic plasma flow: Electron acceleration to ultrarelativistic speeds
2009 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 694, no 1, 154-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Two charge- and current-neutral plasma beams are modeled with a one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulation. The beams are uniform and unbounded. The relative speed between both beams is 0.4c. One beam is composed of electrons and protons, and the other of protons and negatively charged oxygen (dust). All species have the temperature 9.1 keV. A Buneman instability develops between the electrons of the first beam and the protons of the second beam. The wave traps the electrons, which form plasmons. The plasmons couple energy into the ion acousticwaves, which trap the protons of the second beam. Astructure similar to a proton phase-space hole develops, which grows through its interaction with the oxygen and the heated electrons into a rarefaction pulse. This pulse drives a double layer, which accelerates a beam of electrons to about 50 MeV, which is comparable to the proton kinetic energy. The proton distribution eventually evolves into an electrostatic shock. Beams of charged particles moving at such speeds may occur in the foreshock of supernova remnant (SNR) shocks. This double layer is thus potentially relevant for the electron acceleration (injection) into the diffusive shock acceleration by SNR shocks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 694, no 1, 154-164 p.
acceleration of particles, methods: numerical, plasmas
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17626DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/694/1/154OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17626DiVA: diva2:210924
Mark E Dieckmann and Antoine Bret, Particle-in-cell simulation of a strong double layer in a nonrelativistic plasma flow: Electron acceleration to ultrarelativistic speeds, 2009, Astrophysical Journal, (694), 1, 154-164.
Copyright: American Astronomical Society