Quantitative determination of volatile organic compounds in indoor dust using Gas Chromatography – UV spectrometry
2005 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, Vol. 31, no 8, 1141-1148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A novel technique, gas chromatography-UV spectrometry (GC-UV), was used to quantify volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in settled dust from 389 residences in Sweden. The dust samples were thermally desorbed in an inert atmosphere and evaporated compounds were concentrated by solid phase micro extraction and separated by capillary GC. Eluting compounds were then detected, identified, and quantified using a diode array UV spectrophotometer. Altogether, 28 compounds were quantified in each sample; 24 of these were found in more than 50% of the samples. The compounds found in highest concentrations were saturated aldehydes (C5–C10), furfuryl alcohol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT), 2-furaldehyde, and benzaldehyde. Alkenals were also found, notably 2-butenal (crotonaldehyde), 2-methyl-propenal (methacrolein), hexenal, heptenal, octenal, and nonenal. The concentrations of each of the 28 compounds ranged between two to three orders of magnitude, or even more. These results demonstrate the presence of a number of VOCs in indoor dust, and provide, for the first time, a quantitative determination of these compounds in a larger number of dust samples from residents. The findings also illustrate the potential use of GC-UV for analysing volatile compounds in indoor dust, some of which are potential irritants (to the skin, eyes or respiratory system) if present at higher concentrations. The potential use of GC-UV for improving survey and control of the human exposure to particle-bound irritants and other chemicals is inferred.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 31, no 8, 1141-1148 p.
GC-UV; VOC; Indoor settled dust; Alkenal; Furfural
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13661DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2005.04.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13661DiVA: diva2:21124