Novel light-upon-extension real-time PCR assays for detection and quantification of genogroup I and II noroviruses in clinical specimens
2008 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, ISSN 0095-1137, Vol. 46, no 1, 164-170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Norovirus is now recognized as the leading cause of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis in adults, causing numerous outbreaks worldwide. We have developed two novel light-upon-extension (LUX) real-time PCR assays for detection and quantification of norovirus genogroups I and II. The LUX system uses a fluorophore attached to one primer having a self-quenching hairpin structure, making it cost-effective and specific. The assays were evaluated against clinical stool specimens (n = 103) from Sweden and Nicaragua and compared to established methods. The norovirus assay detected more positive stool specimens (47/103) than conventional PCR (39/103) and corresponded to a TaqMan real-time PCR, with the exception of one specimen. Furthermore, the assays correctly identified all (n = 11) coded control specimens in a reference panel containing various genogroups and genotypes. Both LUX real-time PCR assays had a wide dynamic range, detecting from < or = 10(1) to 10(7) genes per reaction, resulting in a theoretical lower limit of < or = approximately 20,000 viruses per gram of stool. No cross-reactivity was noticed with specimens containing other enteric viruses, and by using melting curve analysis we could differentiate between norovirus genogroups I and II.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 46, no 1, 164-170 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17684DOI: 10.1128/JCM.01316-07PubMedID: 17959761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17684DiVA: diva2:211300