Risk factors for disability pension over 11 years in a cohort of young persons initially sick-listed with low back, neck, or shoulder diagnoses
2004 (English)In: Scandinavian journal of public health, ISSN 1403-4948, Vol. 32, no 4, 272-278 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: A study was undertaken to ascertain whether the differences in risk in relation to gender and citizenship observed in a previous study of the same cohort would remain if more recent data on sickness absence were used. Methods: This was an 11-year prospective population-based cohort study. The dataset includes all individuals in a Swedish city who, in 1985, were aged 25 - 34 and had a sick-leave spell≥28 days with neck, shoulder, or back diagnoses (n=213). The data covered the following: for 1985 - 96, disability pension, emigration, and death; for 1982 - 96, sickness absence; for 1985, sex and citizenship. The data were subjected to Cox regression analyses with a time-dependent covariate. Results: Disability pension was granted to 22% (n=46) of the cohort. The relative risk for disability pension increased by 9.3 with each sick-leave spell≥90 days during the two previous years. The risk was higher for women than men, and also higher for foreign citizens than Swedes. Conclusion: Many studies have revealed a gender difference in the risk of being on disability pension, and it was found that this difference was still apparent when sick leave during the follow-up period is taken into account. Thus, the reason for the gender differences ought to be found among other factors than prior levels of sickness absence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 32, no 4, 272-278 p.
back pain, disability pension, sickness absence, sick leave
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13674DOI: 10.1080/14034940310019524OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13674DiVA: diva2:21145