Nutritional status and functional capacity after femoral neck fractures: a prospective randomized one-year follow-up study
2000 (English)In: Aging, ISSN 1945-4589, Vol. 12, no 5, 366-374 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different surgical methods on nutritional status and functional capacity during the first postoperative year in patients with displaced femoral neck fractures. A further aim was to evaluate the effect of nutritional support. One hundred patients were randomly assigned to treatment with either primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) or osteosynthesis. Half of the patients in each treatment group received protein- and energy-enriched food in the hospital in addition to individual nutritional advice in order to optimize their intake of protein- and energy-rich food. Nutritional state and functional capacity were examined at baseline, one and three months, and one year after the operation. Pain was examined at three months and one year. The effect of nutritional intervention was equal within both surgical groups. Logistic regression showed that the dependent variable "living at one year" was significantly associated with serum albumin levels at one month. Advanced age, mental impairment and deteriorated nutritional status were predominant in the non-survivors. Overall, the primary THA group performed better compared with the osteosynthesis group concerning weight change over time, locomotion and pain. This study also showed that primary THA could safely be performed in the elderly without an increased postoperative mortality rate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 12, no 5, 366-374 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13730PubMedID: 11126523OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13730DiVA: diva2:21218