Different proliferative responses of Gi/o-protein-coupled receptors in human myometrial smooth muscle cells: a possible role of calcium
1998 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, ISSN 0895-8696 (Print) 1559-1166 (Online), Vol. 11, no 1, 11-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The majority of studies investigating the proliferative effect of Gi/o-protein-coupled receptor agonists are performed in recombinant receptor systems or cell lines. In these systems the relative stoichiometry of receptors compared to other cell components might be changed, which may lead to anomalies in cellular responses in contrast to natural occurring systems. In the present study, we have used primary cultures of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) isolated from human myometrium to characterize the proliferative effects of agonists binding to two different G protein-coupled receptors. Treatment of quiescent SMCs with lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and noradrenaline resulted in significant increases in [3H]thymidine incorporation. However, LPA was almost four times more effective than noradrenaline in this respect. The proliferative effects of the agonists could be completely blocked by pertussis toxin, indicating that the response are mediated through Gi/o-proteins. The selective α2-adrenergic receptor (α2-AR) antagonist yohimbine dose-dependently reduced the effect of noradrenaline suggesting that the proliferative response was mediated through α2-ARs. The proliferative effects induced by LPA and noradrenaline was markedly reduced in SMCs treated with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein and the cAMP elevating compound forskolin. However, LPA but not noradrenaline induced rapid rises in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration [Ca2+]i. The ability to increase Ca2+ might be one explanation why LPA produce a more pronounced proliferative response than noradrenaline in primary cultures of human myometrial SMCs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 11, no 1, 11-21 p.
Uterus, smooth muscle cells, G protein-coupled receptors, DNA synthesis
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13736DOI: 10.1385/JMN:11:1:11OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13736DiVA: diva2:21226