Coronary heart disease: causes and drug treatment - spouses’ conceptions
2004 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, Vol. 13, no 2, 167-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background. Spouses are important in the rehabilitation process of their partner after coronary heart disease event. Their knowledge and attitudes have an impact on their support to the partner concerning lifestyle changes and drug treatment after an event.
Aims and objectives. To explore spouses' conceptions concerning causes of coronary heart disease and drug treatment 1 year after the partner's cardiac event.
Design. Qualitative with an empirical and inductive approach.
Methods. Semi-structured interviews with strategically selected spouses (17 women and eight men) were taped. The transcripts were analysed within the phenomenographic framework.
Results. Spouses' conceptions about causes of coronary heart disease and its treatment consisted of correct facts, as judged on a lay level, less elaborated conceptions and misconceptions. Among causes of coronary heart disease, the spouses were most knowledgeable about fat intake. They knew less about contributions from inactivity, stress and smoking. Ambivalent feelings were expressed about benefits vs. side effects of drugs. The treatment was conceived as necessary for the heart, but harmful for other organs. Men and women were evenly distributed in most of the derived categories. More women than men considered stress as a cause of coronary heart disease and also misconceived physical exercise to cause the disease.
Conclusion. A variation of spouses' conceptions was revealed about causes of coronary heart disease and drug treatment. There was a lack of understanding concerning important parts of cardiac rehabilitation activities. These misconceptions may have implications by influencing their partner's co-operative behaviour.
Relevance to clinical practice. Spouses' pre-existing conceptions of coronary heart disease and its treatment should be considered in the rehabilitation process of their partner. Couples with misconceptions should be given the opportunity to increase qualitatively their knowledge starting from their point of view rather than from that of the professional perspective.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 13, no 2, 167-176 p.
cardiovascular disease, causal attributions, drug treatment, phenomenography, risk factors, spouses
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13742DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2702.2003.00871.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13742DiVA: diva2:21242