Personality disorder diagnosis by means of the Temperament and Character Inventory
2009 (English)In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, ISSN 0010-440X, E-ISSN 1532-8384, Vol. 50, no 4, 347-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Personality disorders (PDs) criteria are still in development. Cloninger's biosocial theory of personality contributed to this discussion. The aim of the study was to explore the relationships between extreme expressions on temperament and an immature character according to Cloninger's assumptions. Eight hundred healthy volunteers and 200 psychiatric inpatients were consecutively recruited each from Sweden and Germany, and were asked to complete the Temperament and Character Inventory, which measures 4 temperament and 3 character dimensions. Patients differed from controls on temperament and character dimensions. The combination of low and very low character scores with extreme scores in either novelty seeking, harm avoidance, or reward dependence was found more often among patients with PD compared with patients without PD and controls; this is more pronounced with an increasing number of extreme temperament scores. The Temperament and Character Inventory represents a useful tool in the diagnostic process of personality disorders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Maryland Heights, United States: Saunders Elsevier, 2009. Vol. 50, no 4, 347-352 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17838DOI: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2008.09.002ISI: 000266820100008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17838DiVA: diva2:212423