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Secularization in a strong religious society: the case of Turkey
Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
2006 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

There is a widespread belief among many researchers that Islam and secularization is incompatible. Obviously, in the Eastern world and in Muslim countries in particular, the problematic relationship between religion and democracy is still shows itself intensively. The current lack of democracy in most Muslim countries derives in part from this mindset contending that Islam is incompatible with secularization. So the application of concept “secularization” to studies of the Muslim countries Middle East has often been more problematic than enlightening.

The present study continues the discussion of the compatibility of secularization and Islamic religion bringing to the fore the case of modern Turkish politics. By considering the possible ways of how secularization can emerge and survive in a predominantly Muslim society, the study demonstrates the state-religion interaction in Turkey.

The thesis examines how the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of Turkish nationalism decreased religious authority which led to the emergence of secularization. It shows that western institutions played a crucial role in survival of secularization. Later it discusses the reasons of revival of religion and survival of secularization in Turkish politics.

The main purpose is to present Turkey as a case in support of the argument concerning the coexistence of Islam and secularization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ekonomiska institutionen , 2006. , 87 p.
Keyword [en]
Secularization, Modernization, Religion, Ataturk, Turkey
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5318ISRN: LIU-EKI/INT-D--05/021--SEOAI: diva2:21260
Available from: 2006-01-09 Created: 2006-01-09

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