Health care and social welfare costs in home-based and hospital-based rehabilitation after stroke
2002 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, Vol. 16, no 4, 386-392 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During the 1990s most western European and Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries experienced financial difficulties and were forced to cut back on or restrain health care expenditures. Home rehabilitation has received attention in recent years because of its potential for cost containment. Often forgotten, however, is the redistribution of costs from one caregiver to another. The aim of this study was to analyse whether a redistribution of costs occurs between health care providers (the County councils) and social welfare providers (the municipalities) in a comparison of home-based rehabilitation and hospital-based rehabilitation after stroke. The study population included 123 patients, 53 in the home-based rehabilitation group and 68 in the hospital-based rehabilitation group. The patients were followed up at 6 and 12 months after onset of stroke. Resource use over a 12-month period included acute hospital care, in-hospital rehabilitation, home rehabilitation and use of home-help service as well as nursing home living. The hospital-based rehabilitation group had significantly fewer hospitalization days after a decision was made about rehabilitation at the acute care ward and consequently the cost for the acute care period was significantly lower. The cost for the rehabilitation period was significantly lower in the home-based rehabilitation group. However, the cost for home help service was significantly higher in the home-based rehabilitation group. The total costs for the care episode did not differ between the two groups. The main finding of this study is that there seems to occur a redistribution of costs between health care providers and social welfare providers in home rehabilitation after stroke in a group of patients with mixed degree of impairment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 16, no 4, 386-392 p.
home-based rehabilitation, hospital-based rehabilitation, redistribution of cost, stroke, cost
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13753DOI: 10.1046/j.1471-6712.2002.00115.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13753DiVA: diva2:21298