Changes in insulin and IGF-I receptor expression during differentiation of human preadipocytes
2009 (English)In: Growth Hormone & IGF Research, ISSN 1096-6374, Vol. 19, no 2, 101-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mature adipocytes originate from fibroblast-like precursor cells, preadipocytes, which differentiate to obtain the characteristics of adipocytes. Our aim was to investigate how differentiation of human preadipocytes affects the distribution of insulin receptors (IR) and IGF-I receptors (IGF-IR) and other cell characteristics. Preadipocytes were differentiated using indomethacine, dexamethasone, isobutyl-methylxantine (IBMX) and high concentration of insulin. Gene expression was quantified by real-time RT-PCT in preadipocytes (PA), differentiated preadipocytes (dPA) and mature adipocytes (mAD). The amount of expressed receptor protein was analyzed using receptor specific ELISAs and Western blot. We also studied DNA synthesis with radiolabeled thymidine incorporation and glucose accumulation with radiolabeled glucose. Differentiation of PA increased gene expression of IR but not IGF-IR, GLUT4, growth hormone receptor (GHR) and adiponectin appeared or increased. In PA and dPA only IR-A was expressed whereas also IR-B was detected in mAD. By Western blot and ELISA, IR and IGF-IR was phosphorylated by their own ligant at 1 nM and in dPA the acitivation of both receptors was stimulated by IGF-I, but not insulin, at 1 nM. Accumulation of glucose in PA was increased by insulin at 10 nM and by IGF-I at 1 nM and 10 nM. DNA synthesis was increased by insulin and IGF-I at 10 nM.
In conclusion, both IR and IGF-IR are present in human preadipocytes and adipocytes. Differentiation is characterized by an increased IR/IGF-IR ratio.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 19, no 2, 101-111 p.
Insulin receptor isoforms, Cell metabolism, Growth factors
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-17895DOI: 10.1016/j.ghir.2008.06.004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-17895DiVA: diva2:212984
Karolina Bäck and Hans Arnqvist, Changes in insulin and IGF-I receptor expression during differentiation of human preadipocytes, 2009, GROWTH HORMONE and IGF RESEARCH, (19), 2, 101-111.
Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam