The Baltic Sea Wave Field: Impacts on the Sediment and Biogeochemistry
2002 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The wave field in the Baltic Sea has been modelled for a two-year period with the spectral wave model HYPAS. There is a large seasonal variation in the field and a minor annual one, both reflect the wind variation in the area. Since the Baltic Sea is fetch limited, the dominant wind direction is important for the maximum wave heights.
By studying the modelled wave energy density in combination with bottom type maps, the effect of the wave field on the sediment surface is examined. Up to half the bottoms in the Baltic Sea are affected ~25% of the time. A statistical relation between wave energy density and bottom types is found for the Gulf of Riga, but in the rest of the area the sediment maps were to coarse. It is, due to this, not possible to say if the result is valid for the whole area or if it is site specific.
During resuspension events the remineralisation is increased since deposited organic material is reintroduced into the watermass and there exposed to higher levels of oxygen. This process could act as an increased regional source of nitrogen in nutrient budgets and thus influence the conditions for nitrogen fixation and perhaps explain some of the geographical differences in the nitrogen fixation rates.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tema vatten i natur och samhälle , 2002. , 23 p.
Tema V report (online), ISSN 1652-4268 ; 27
Hydraulic engineering, HYPAS; Wave modelling; Significant wave height; Wave energy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5565ISBN: 91-7373-249-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-5565DiVA: diva2:21378
2002-01-21, 00:00 (English)
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