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Public Innovation Support and Innovative Ideas
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3913-9977
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5960-9270
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1952-902X
2005 (English)In: Babson Kauffman Entrepreneurship Research Conference, 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13776DiVA: diva2:21444
Available from: 2006-02-27 Created: 2006-02-27 Last updated: 2017-10-23
In thesis
1. Entrepreneurship Policy: Public Support for Technology-Based Ventures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship Policy: Public Support for Technology-Based Ventures
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The subject of this thesis is entrepreneurship policy and the focus is on public support programmes directed to early stages technology-based ventures. It advocates that a broad view should be taken with regard to the type of policies for entrepreneurship that aim at supporting the facilitation of the supported ventures’ ability to link to their surrounding innovation system, in which they can secure their access to crucial external resources. Taking the departure in the perspective that early stages technology-based ventures are vulnerable, this thesis shows that publicly financed entrepreneurship supporting programmes can be motivated because small and newly started ventures have got limited resources, and because the risks, with which they are associated, generally make them unattractive in the eyes of private actors.

Among the practical implications of this thesis, the following findings are emphasised: Public support, directed to the very earliest stages of venture development benefits from broadness, for the latter stages, specialisation and a higher degree of selectiveness could be an advantage. Moreover, it is important that the support provided take into account the whole process of business development, i.e. both the issues concerned with product/service and the issues connected to the market. A long-term commitment, cooperation between different actors and information about what support is available, are other aspects that are important for policymakers to consider in their design of public policies to support entrepreneurship. Finally, the importance of evaluative awareness must be emphasised from the very start.

Abstract [sv]

Den här avhandlingen är en sammanläggning av 7 studier kring vilka en kappa med titeln ”Entreprenörskapspolicy: offentligt stöd för teknikbaserade företag” har skrivits. De inkluderade studierna beskrivs kortfattat i slutet av den här sammanfattningen. Syftet med avhandlingen är att analysera skälen till varför statliga interventioner kan vara berättigade, vidare att analysera målsättningar, design och resultat av offentliga program för stöd av nya teknikbaserade företag/projekt och slutligen att identifiera såväl praktiska som forskningsintressanta implikationer för utformningen av framtida stödaktiviteter.

Avhandlingen baseras till största delen på olika typer av kvantitativa analyser av Stiftelsen Innovationscentrum (SIC) (studie 2-6). Förutom detta ingår en konceptuell studie där ett ramverk för att utvärdera inkubatorer, främst ur ett ”best practice” perspektiv, har tagits fram (studie 1). Slutligen har jag inkluderat en pågående uppföljningsstudie av Vinnovas program Vinn Nu (studie 7).

Avhandlingen förespråkar en bred syn på begreppet entreprenörskapspolicy, där syftet med stödet är att underlätta för företag/projekt att koppla upp sig mot relevanta innovationssystem där de kan säkra sin tillgång på externa resurser. Med utgångspunkt i ett sårbarhetsperspektiv visar avhandlingen att offentligt finansierade program som stödjer entreprenörskap kan motiveras genom att de små och nystartade företagens resurser är begränsade och eftersom riskerna ofta gör att intresset från privata aktörer att gå in i dessa företag är lågt. Avhandlingens praktiska implikationer är bland annat att det stöd som riktas till de allra tidigaste utvecklingsfaserna i syfte att kvalificera idéer bör vara brett. Däremot kan ett mer selektivt urval vara fördelaktigt i något senare utvecklingsskeden och för mer specialiserade stöd. Vidare visar de inkluderade studierna på behovet av att se till hela företagets utvecklingsprocess. Det innebär bland annat att det är nödvändigt att kombinera hårt och mjukt stöd och att lika vikt läggs vid produkt- och marknadsutveckling. Offentligt stöd bör också vara långsiktigt, och samarbete mellan olika stödprogram är viktigt, inte minst med avseende på information om vilka stöd som finns och hur, var, när och av vem dessa kan sökas. Slutligen understryks vikten av att stödprogram redan från början bör ta hänsyn till utvärderingsaspekter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2008. 112 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1175Dissertations from the International Graduate School of Management and Industrial Engineering, ISSN 1402-0793 ; 114
Keyword
Public support programmes, Entrepreneurship policy, Early stages technology-based ventures, Entrepreneurship, Innovation, Innovation systems, Programme theory, Evaluation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-11739 (URN)978-91-7393-923-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-05-30, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2008-05-06 Last updated: 2017-10-23Bibliographically approved
2. Publicly Funded Support of Technology-Based Ventures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Publicly Funded Support of Technology-Based Ventures
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about publicly funded support of technology-based ventures. These ventures are regarded as solutions to create growth and societal development. They are commonly originated from universities, institutes or other firms and their products or techniques are commonly new or at least different from the ordinary. They are therefore considered as being of higher risk than generic new firms, but if successful they may also give higher returns. Hence, a range of efforts has been undertaken to support them. However, concerning the issue of public support, gaps of research have been exposed.

This thesis aims to give some answers on the question of what characterizes the public support given to technology-based ventures in Sweden. It elucidates two types of public support, the “configuration-type” and the “process-type” The first is studied by using statistical databases built upon the conditional loans and the innovation subsidies that were offered by Sweden Innovation Centre during the years 1994-2003. The second type concerns incubator support, and investigates how best practise incubators can be evaluated. Among the results, it can be mentioned that different support actors use different selection criteria depending on their goals, however the credibility of the applying venture is crucial for approval. Furthermore, a framework for best practice evaluation is developed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ekonomiska institutionen, 2005. 119 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1219Dissertations from the International Graduate School of Management and Industrial Engineering, ISSN 1402-0793 ; 98
Keyword
Public support, Technology-based ventures, financial scheme, incubator, entrepreneurship, innovation system, offentligt stöd, teknikbaserade företag, finansiella stödsystem, inkubator, entreprenörskap, innovationssystem
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5685 (URN)91-85457-92-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2005-12-16, Sal 101, Hus I, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
Report code: LiU-Tek-Lic 2005:72. Pages 49-68 and 87-105 has been removed since the author do not have the copyright for articles one and three when published in a scientific journal.Available from: 2006-02-27 Created: 2006-02-27 Last updated: 2017-10-23

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Norrman, CharlotteKlofsten, MagnusBergek, Anna

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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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