AFS-Assisted Trailer Reversing
Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesisAlternative title
Aktiv styrning vid backning med släp (Swedish)
Reversing with a trailer is very difficult and many drivers hesitate to even try it. This thesis examines if active steering, particularly AFS (Active Front Steering), can be used to provide assistance.
For analysis and controller design a simple geometric model of car and trailer is used. The model seems to be accurate enough at the low speeds relevant for trailer reversing. It is shown that the only trailer dependent model parameter can be estimated while driving. This enables use with different trailers.
Different schemes to control the system are tested. The main approach is to use the steering wheel as reference for some appropriate output signal, for example the angle between car and trailer. This makes reversing with a trailer more like reversing without a trailer. To turn left, the driver simply turns the steering wheel left and drives. Test driving, as well as theoretical analysis, shows that the resulting system is stable. Of the eight drivers that have tested this type of control, five found it to be a great advantage while two considered it more confusing than helpful.
A major problem with this control approach has to do with the way AFS is constructed. With AFS, the torque required to turn the front wheels results in a reaction torque in the steering wheel. Together with the reference tracking controllers, this makes the steering wheel unstable. Theoretical analysis implies that this problem has to be solved mechanically. One solution would be to combine AFS with electric power steering.
This thesis also presents a trajectory tracking scheme to autonomously reverse with a trailer. Starting from the current trailer position and the desired trajectory an appropriate turning radius for the trailer is decided. Within certain limits, this will stabilize the car as well. The desired trajectory can be programmed beforehand, but it can also be saved while driving forward. Both variants have been tested with good results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för systemteknik , 2006. , 57 p.
Automotive Control, Active Steering, Trajectory Tracking
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-5739ISRN: LITH-ISY-EX--06/3752--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-5739DiVA: diva2:21495
Lundquist, ChristianHendeby, GustafReinelt, Wolfgang