Medical outcome in epilepsy patients of young adulthood-A 5-year follow-up study
2009 (English)In: SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY, ISSN 1059-1311 , Vol. 18, no 4, 293-297 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The appearance of new anti-epileptic drugs (AED) during the last decade has provided neurologists and their patients with a greater choice, but the proof for their superiority over traditional AEDs is sparse, especially their use in adolescence and Young adulthood. We studied a group Of Young adults (18-27 years) with epilepsy and compared their Situation in 2004 with those 5 years earlier.
Materials and methods: The participants (n = 97) answered questionnaires regarding seizure-frequency, AED, side-effects and quality-of-life. Information was also taken from medical records.
Results: The use of new generation AEDs increased during the 5-year study period, particularly among women. However seizure frequency had not changed significantly over time, and compared to men the effectiveness in controlling seizures Was lower in women. The participants reported normal quality-of-life (QOL), which may indicate that the increase in number of AEDs to choose from actually improved the situation for these Young adults with epilepsy. Frequency of seizures and cognitive side-effects of AEDs were associated with a lower QOL.
Conclusions: More women than men seem to be treated with new AEDs, and that the increase in use of new AEDs does not reduce seizure frequency in young adulthood. The effectiveness in controlling seizures seems to be lower in women in the age group Studied. Further Studies are required to better understand how epilepsy related factors interact.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 18, no 4, 293-297 p.
Epilepsy, Medical outcome, Quality-of-life, Young adults
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18136DOI: 10.1016/j.seizure.2008.11.009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18136DiVA: diva2:216475