Personality Features in Female Fibromyalgia Syndrome
2009 (English)In: JOURNAL OF MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN, ISSN 1058-2452, Vol. 17, no 2, 117-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives: Using the Temperament and Character Inventory [TCI], this study investigates whether differences in temperament and character exist in fibromyalgia syndrome [FMS] patients compared with healthy normal controls [HNC] of the community and whether there might be subgroups among FMS patients. Methods: This study asked 191 female patients with FMS and 652 age-matched female HNC of the community to answer the TCI questionnaire. Results: The FMS was associated with high harm avoidance, persistence, self-transcendence, and low self-directedness. Three subgroups of FMS were identified [cluster 1: N = 72; cluster 2: N = 83; and cluster 3: N = 30] based on all scales and subscales of TCI. Conclusions: Both aspects of TCI, temperament and character, are different and changed in FMS compared with HNC, mainly high harm avoidance, high persistence, low self-directedness, and high self-transcendence. The established personality patterns may affect the FMS patients ability to cope with stress and pain in daily-life situations. In future studies it is important to also incorporate pain intensity, depression and anxiety variables, and other personality instruments when interpreting the results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 17, no 2, 117-130 p.
Fibromyalgia syndrome, pain, personality
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18147DOI: 10.1080/10582450902820531OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18147DiVA: diva2:216486