Immigrant‐ and non‐immigrant‐specific factors’ association with mental ill health among immigrants in Sweden
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Social Psychiatry, ISSN 0020-7640, E-ISSN 1741-2854, Vol. 56, no 1, 74-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: It has often been shown that immigrants are particularly at risk for mental ill health. The aim of the study was to investigate the association of immigrant‐ and non‐immigrant‐specific factors with mental ill health, within a diverse immigrant population.
Method: An extensive questionnaire was sent out to a stratified random sample of three immigrant populations from Finland, Iraq and Iran. The 720 respondents completed a Swedish, Arabic or Persian version of the questionnaire including the WHO (ten) wellbeing index and the HSCL‐25.
Results: The results indicate that mental ill health among immigrants is independently associated with non‐immigrant‐specific factors (i.e. a high number of types of traumatic episodes, divorced or widow/widower, a poor social network, economic insecurity and being a woman) and immigrant‐specific factors (i.e. a low level of socio‐cultural adaptation). These results were obtained regardless of whether mental ill health was operationalised as low subjective wellbeing or a high symptom level of anxiety/depression.
Conclusions: These findings support the notion that mental ill health among immigrants is a multi‐faceted phenomenon that needs to be tackled within a wide range of sectors − e.g. the health care system, the social service sector and of course the political arena.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 56, no 1, 74-93 p.
Migration, mental ill health, Sweden, risk factors, living conditions, trauma
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18213DOI: 10.1177/0020764008096163OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18213DiVA: diva2:216786