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Speech-reading: Cognitive predictors and displayed emotion
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
1999 (English)In: Scandinavian Audiology, ISSN 0105-0397, Vol. 28, no 4, 211-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study had three aims: to examine the effects of displayed emotion and message length on speech-reading performance, and how measures of working memory (cf. Baddeley 1986) and verbal information processing speed relate to speech-reading performance. Words and sentences with either positive or negative meaning were used in a word decoding and a sentence-based speech-reading test. A total of 48 normal-hearing subjects participated. The results revealed general effects of displayed emotion, message meaning and message length and no effect of displayed emotion vs message length. Furthermore, working memory but not verbal information processing speed nor accuracy predicted speech-reading performance. The results were discussed with respect to a model of face-processing (Bruce & Young 1986) and with respect to clinical implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 28, no 4, 211-217 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13825DOI: 10.1080/010503999424644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13825DiVA: diva2:21773
Note
The Scandinavian Audiology has now merged with International Journal of Audiology(as from 2002).Available from: 2006-05-03 Created: 2006-05-03 Last updated: 2014-11-28
In thesis
1. Semantic Framing of Speech: Emotional and Topical Cues in Perception of Poorly Specified Speech
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Semantic Framing of Speech: Emotional and Topical Cues in Perception of Poorly Specified Speech
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The general aim of this thesis was to test the effects of paralinguistic (emotional) and prior contextual (topical) cues on perception of poorly specified visual, auditory, and audiovisual speech. The specific purposes were to (1) examine if facially displayed emotions can facilitate speechreading performance; (2) to study the mechanism for such facilitation; (3) to map information-processing factors that are involved in processing of poorly specified speech; and (4) to present a comprehensive conceptual framework for speech perception, with specification of the signal being considered. Experi¬mental and correlational designs were used, and 399 normal-hearing adults participated in seven experiments. The main conclusions are summarised as follows. (a) Speechreading can be facilitated by paralinguistic information as constituted by facial displayed emotions. (b) The facilitatory effect of emitted emotional cues is mediated by their degree of specification in transmission and ambiguity as percepts; and by how distinct the perceived emotions combined with topical cues are as cues for lexical access. (c) The facially displayed emotions affect speech perception by conveying semantic cues; no effect via enhanced articulatory distinctiveness, nor of emotion-related state in the perceiver is needed for facilitation. (d) The combined findings suggest that emotional and topical cues provide constraints for activation spreading in the lexicon. (e) Both bottom-up and top-down factors are associated with perception of poorly specified speech, indicating that variation in information-processing abilities is a crucial factor for perception if there is paucity in sensory input. A conceptual framework for speech perception, comprising specification of the linguistic and paralinguistic information, as well as distinctiveness of primes, is presented. Generalisations of the findings to other forms of paralanguage and language processing are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2003. 74 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Education and Psychology, ISSN 1102-7517 ; 94
Keyword
Speech perception, speechreading, facial expressions, priming, phonemes, semantics, lipreading, auditory perception, cognition, paralinguistics, emotional content, Läppavläsning
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-6344 (URN)91-7373-754-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2003-10-31, Eklundska salen, Hus Ingvar, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2006-05-03 Created: 2006-05-03 Last updated: 2014-09-02Bibliographically approved

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Lidestam, BjörnLyxell, BjörnAndersson, Gerhard

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Department of Behavioural SciencesFaculty of Arts and SciencesDepartment of Behavioural Sciences and LearningDepartment of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHLClinical and Social Psychology
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