Working Memory in 8 Kleine-Levin Syndrome Patients: An fMRI Study
2009 (English)In: SLEEP, ISSN 0161-8105, Vol. 32, no 5, 681-688 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Study Objectives: The objectives of this study were to investigate possible neuropathology behind the Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS), a severe form of hypersomnia with onset during adolescence.
Design: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) applying a verbal working memory task was used in conjunction with a paper-and-pencil version of the task. Participants: Eight patients with KLS and 12 healthy volunteers participated in the study.
Results: The results revealed a pattern of increased thalamic activity and reduced frontal activity (involving the anterior cingulate and adjacent prefrontal cortex) while performing a reading span task.
Discussion: This finding may explain the clinical symptoms observed in KLS, in that the thalamus is known to be involved in the control of sleep. Given the increasing access to fMRI, this investigation may aid clinicians in the diagnosis of patients suffering from severe forms of hypersomnia.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 32, no 5, 681-688 p.
fMRI, Kleine-Levin Syndrome, working memory, hypersomnia, thalamus
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18262ISI: 000265541900015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18262DiVA: diva2:217835