Declining incidence of severe retinopathy in an unselected population of Type 1 diabetes: the Linköping Diabetes Complications Study
2004 (English)In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X (print) 1432-0428 (online), Vol. 47, no 7, 1266-1272 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims/hypothesis: In a previous study conducted over the last decades we found a decreased incidence of nephropathy but unchanged incidence of severe retinopathy among patients with Type 1 diabetes diagnosed in childhood and with 20 years duration of diabetes. The aim of our current study was to investigate the incidence 5 to10 years later in the same population.
Methods: We studied all 269 patients in whom Type 1 diabetes was diagnosed in childhood between 1961 and 1985 in a district in southeastern Sweden. Ninety-one percent were monitored for retinopathy until at least 1997 and 95% were monitored for nephropathy. Severe retinopathy was defined as laser-treated retinopathy and nephropathy as persistent proteinuria. Survival analysis was used and the patients divided into five cohorts according to the time of onset of diabetes.
Results: The cumulative proportion of severe retinopathy had declined (p=0.006). After 25 years it was 47% (95% CI 34–61), 28% (15–40) and 24% (12–36) in the cohorts 1961 to 1965, 1966 to 1970 and 1971 to 1975 respectively. After 30 years it was 53% (40–66) and 44% (28–59) in the oldest cohorts. The cumulative proportion of nephropathy after 25 years duration was 30% (18–42), 8% (1–16) and 13% (4–23) in the cohorts 1961 to 1965, 1966 to 1970 and 1971 to 1975 respectively. After 30 years, it was 32% (20–44) and 11% (2–20) for the oldest cohorts (p<0.0001).
Conclusions/interpretation: In an unselected population with Type 1 diabetes diagnosed in childhood, modern diabetes care markedly reduced the incidence of severe retinopathy and nephropathy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 47, no 7, 1266-1272 p.
Diabetic nephropathy, Diabetic retinopathy, Incidence, Population, Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13829DOI: 10.1007/s00125-004-1431-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13829DiVA: diva2:21784