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The Role of Shyness and Behavioral Inhibition for Attribution of Emotional Reactions and Ratings of Degree of Internality
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Cognition, Development and Disability. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2006 (English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13842OAI: diva2:21826
Available from: 2006-05-12 Created: 2006-05-12
In thesis
1. The Role of Causal Attribution and Self-Focused Attention for Shyness
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Role of Causal Attribution and Self-Focused Attention for Shyness
2006 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Betydelsen av attribution och självfokuserad uppmärksamhet för blyghet
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna avhandling var att undersöka på vilket sätt och i vilken utsträckning blyga personer skiljer sig från icke-blyga personer med avseende på deras attributionsmönster. Resultaten från 3 kvantitativa och 1 kvalitativ studie visar en något annorlunda bild av hur blyghet relaterar till social kognition jämfört med tidigare forskning i området. Följande 4 huvudsakliga slutsatser drogs. (1) Blyga personer har inte nödvändigtvis en snedvriden social kognition eftersom de uppvisade en mindre aktörs–observatörsskillnad jämfört med icke-blyga personer. (2) Det är sannolikt att blyga och självfokuserade personer bedömer sina emotionella reaktioner som orsakade av stabila interna orsaker snarare än mindre stabila interna och externa orsaker. Om blyga personer är mindre självfokuserade så tenderar dessa personer ändå att uppvisa detta attributionsmönster. (3) Blyghet snarare än beteendemässig inhibition har betydelse för vilka orsaker som tillskrivs emotionella reaktioner medan blyghet och beteendemässig inhibition interagerar när det gäller i vilken grad fritt valda orsaker upplevs vara orsakade av interna respektive externa faktorer. En slutsats av dessa resultat är att fortsatt forskning bör fokusera hur människor i sin vardag förklarar sina egna och andra människors beteenden och reaktioner. (4) Mycket blyga personer kan uppleva identitetsförvirring samt kan ha en ambivalent önskan om att vara blyg samtidigt som blygheten försvinner. Trots att dessa resultat pekar på ganska allvarliga konsekvenser av att vara blyg så verkar blyghet generellt betraktas i ett ganska positivt ljus.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how and to what degree shy individuals differ from non-shy individuals regarding their attributional patterns. The results from 3 quantitative and 1 qualitative study paint a somewhat different picture of how shyness is associated with social cognition compared to previous research in the field. The following 4 main conclusions were drawn. (1) Being shy does not necessarily imply distorted social cognitions since shy people exhibited less of a self–other difference compared to non-shy people. (2) Being self-focused and shy means that emotional reactions are likely to be perceived as caused by stable internal causes rather than less stable internal and external causes. If shy people are self-focused to a lesser extent there is still a tendency for these individuals to exhibit this attributional pattern. (3) Shyness is more important than behavioral inhibition in determining ascriptions of causes to emotional reactions, whereas shyness and behavioral inhibition interact in determining people’s perceptions of the degree to which freely chosen causes are caused by internal and external factors, respectively. One conclusion of these findings is that future research needs to focus on how people in everyday life really explain their own and other people’s behaviors and reactions. (4) Very shy people can experience identity confusion as well as a conflicting wish to stay shy and to overcome shyness at the same time. Even though these results imply quite severe consequences of being shy, in general shyness seems to be viewed in quite a positive light.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2006. 82 + studies 1-4 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 356Linköping Studies in Education and Psychology, ISSN 1102-7517 ; 108
Shyness, self-focused attention, behavioral inhibition, attribution, internal causes, external causes, Blyghet, självfokuserad uppmärksamhet, beteendemässig inhibition, attribution, interna orsaker, externa orsaker
National Category
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-6455 (URN)91–85523–73–9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2006-06-02, I:101, Ingvar, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2006-05-12 Created: 2006-05-12 Last updated: 2014-09-05Bibliographically approved

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