A novel plant protein undergoing light-induced phosphorylation and release from the photosynthetic thylakoid membranes
2003 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy Science of the United States of America, ISSN 1091-6490 (online), Vol. 100, no 2, 757-762 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The characteristics of a phosphoprotein with a relative electrophoretic mobility of 12 kDa have been unknown during two decades of studies on redox-dependent protein phosphorylation in plant photosynthetic membranes. Digestion of this protein from spinach thylakoid membranes with trypsin and subsequent tandem nanospray-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry of the peptides revealed a protein sequence that did not correspond to any previously known protein. Sequencing of the corresponding cDNA uncovered a gene for a precursor protein with a transit peptide followed by a strongly basic mature protein with a molecular mass of 8,640 Da. Genes encoding homologous proteins were found on chromosome 3 of Arabidopsis and rice as well as in ESTs from 20 different plant species, but not from any other organisms. The protein can be released from the membrane with high salt and is also partially released in response to light-induced phosphorylation of thylakoids, in contrast to all other known thylakoid phosphoproteins, which are integral to the membrane. On the basis of its properties, this plant-specific protein is named thylakoid soluble phosphoprotein of 9 kDa (TSP9). Mass spectrometric analyses revealed the existence of non-, mono-, di-, and triphosphorylated forms of TSP9 and phosphorylation of three distinct threonine residues in the central part of the protein. The phosphorylation and release of TSP9 from the photosynthetic membrane on illumination favor participation of this basic protein in cell signaling and regulation of plant gene expression in response to changing light conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 100, no 2, 757-762 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13861DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0235452100OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13861DiVA: diva2:21932