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Factors associated with postoperative recovery after laparoscopic and abdominal hysterectomy
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
2008 (English)In: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, ISSN 0301-2115, E-ISSN 1872-7654, Vol. 140, no 1, 108-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the day-by-day recovery of general wellbeing was faster in women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy than in total abdominal hysterectomy and to analyse the association between stress coping and sick-leave and the day-by-day recovery measured as general wellbeing.

STUDY DESIGN: A randomised multicentre trial conducted in five hospitals in the South East of Sweden. Hundred and twenty-five women scheduled for hysterectomy for benign conditions were enrolled in the study and 117 women completed the study. Fifty-five women were randomised to abdominal hysterectomy and 62 to laparoscopic hysterectomy. Day-by-day recovery of general wellbeing was measured by a visual analogue scale 1 week preoperatively, 35 days postoperatively, and during 1 week 6 months postoperatively. Stress-coping capability was measured preoperatively using a specific psychometric measurement. Sick-leave was granted with an initial period of 14 days and prolonged on patient demand with 7 days periods. Effects of operating method and stress-coping ability on the day-by-day recovery adjusted for postoperative complications and analgesics were analysed by means of analysis of variance for repeated measurements.

RESULTS: No significant difference was found in the day-by-day recovery of the general wellbeing between the operating methods. Stress-coping ability did significantly influence the day-by-day recovery of general wellbeing. Duration of sick-leave was associated with the occurrence of postoperative complications but not with stress-coping ability.

CONCLUSIONS: The day-by-day recovery of general wellbeing is not faster in laparoscopic hysterectomy than in abdominal hysterectomy. Women with high stress-coping abilities have a better outcome in general wellbeing than women with low stress-coping capacity. Identification of women with low stress-coping abilities and prevention of complications might be of benefit for improving postoperative wellbeing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 140, no 1, 108-113 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18473DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2008.03.006PubMedID: 18456384OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18473DiVA: diva2:219729
Available from: 2009-05-28 Created: 2009-05-28 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On the Mode of Hysterectomy: with Emphasis on Recovery and Well‐Being
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Mode of Hysterectomy: with Emphasis on Recovery and Well‐Being
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and it is the most common major gynaecological surgical procedure worldwide. Hysterectomy is most often indicated by benign conditions such as irregular uterine bleeding with or without uterine fibroids. Several modes of hysterectomy are available each using a different surgical approach. Psychological well‐being and recovery after hysterectomy have not been carefully investigated in randomised settings. The aims of this thesis were to evaluate different modes of hysterectomy regarding postoperative psychological well‐being in long‐term follow‐up 6 and 12 months after surgery and recovery of general well‐being in short‐term up to five weeks after surgery. Additional objectives were to study the influence of the women’s stress‐coping ability on postoperative psychological well‐being and also to analyse other factors associated with postoperative psychological well‐being and recovery of general well‐being. In a randomised trial (trial 1) of 125 women who had undergone laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and abdominal hysterectomy (AH), no significant difference was found between the postoperative psychological well‐being of women in the two groups as indicated by four different psychometric measures up to 6 months after surgery. Neither did the day‐by‐day recovery of general well‐being differ between the women in the two hysterectomy groups, even when adjusted for consumption of analgesics. A high stress‐coping ability was strongly associated with a higher level of psychological well‐being preoperatively and a significantly faster recovery of general well‐being regardless of surgical method. In another randomised trial (trial 2) of 179 women who had undergone subtotal abdominal hysterectomy (SH) and total abdominal hysterectomy (TH), with a follow‐up time of one year, no significant difference in psychological well‐being was found between the two methods. The day‐by day recovery of general well‐being was the same in both groups. In both trial 1 and trial 2, longterm psychological well‐being improved over time during the study period regardless of the mode of hysterectomy. The occurrence of postoperative complications and a low preoperative level of psychological well‐being impair postoperative recovery significantly and prolong the duration of sick‐leave. In conclusion, the suggested benefits of the less invasive modes of hysterectomy, LH and SH, could not be proven in this study Recovery of general well‐being is associated with the woman’s stress‐coping and preoperative psychological well‐being and the studied modes of hysterectomy seem to be of less importance. This should be taken into account in preoperative counselling. Doing this will give patient and surgeon an open choice of the mode of hysterectomy to be chosen, since short‐term recovery and long‐term psychological well‐being seem to be the same in both groups in the long term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2009. 77 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1104
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18476 (URN)978‐91‐7393‐687‐3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-06-08, Berzeliussalen, Campus US, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-05-28 Created: 2009-05-28 Last updated: 2009-08-21Bibliographically approved

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Persson, PärKjølhede, Preben

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