Boxes mimicking tree hollows can help conservation of saproxylic beetles
2009 (English)In: Biodiversity and Conservation, ISSN 0960-3115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Old hollow trees have declined in Europe and many saproxylic (i.e. wood-dwelling) invertebrates living on them are threatened. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent artificial habitats can be exploited by saproxylic beetles. To mimic the conditions in tree hollows, we constructed wooden boxes filled with different combinations of substrates like oak saw dust, oak leaves, dead hen (Gallus domesticus), chicken dung, lucerne flour or potatoes and placed them on tree trunks. To investigate the importance of distance from dispersal sources, we placed boxes at different distances (0 to 1800 m) from three species-rich sites with high densities of hollow oaks. Over three years, 3423 specimens of 105 saproxylic beetle species were caught in 47 boxes. Among beetles found in hollow oaks that were either tree-hollow species, nest species, or wood rot species, 70 % were also found in the boxes. A dead hen added to the artificial wood mould gave a higher number of beetle specimens. The number of species associated with tree hollows in oak decreased with distance from sites with hollow oaks. In conclusion, the prospects for using artificial environments for boosting substrate availability, or to fill spatial and temporal gaps therein, for saproxylic beetles are good.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Artificial habitat, hollow oak, Quercus, saproxylic beetles, Sweden, wood mould boxes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18497DOI: 10.1007/s10531-009-9687-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-18497DiVA: diva2:220003
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com:
Nicklas Jansson, Thomas Ranius, Anna Larsson and Per Milberg, Boxes mimicking tree hollows can help conservation of saproxylic beetles, 2009, Biodiversity and Conservation.
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