Effectiveness of Community-Based Injury Prevention: Injury Rate Levels, Changes, and Trends for 14 Swedish WHO-Designated Safe Communities
2007 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, Vol. 39, no 2, 267-273 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigates the injury rate levels, changes, and trends between 1987 and 2002 for the 14 Swedish municipalities designated as WHO Safe Communities. The injury rate was defined as the number of injured patients discharged from hospital per 1000 persons. Injury rates were age standardised. Each municipality was compared with its respective municipality group, according to a classification of Sweden's 288 municipalities into nine groups based on numerous structural parameters.
The average injury rate levels for the 14 WHO-designated Safe Community municipalities ranged from 11.54 to 19.09 per 1000 population during the study period, which was defined as the time period during which a municipality's injury prevention program has been operational. Eleven of 14 municipalities had higher levels than their corresponding municipality groups. Five of the 14 municipalities “outperformed” their respective municipality groups and achieved a greater relative injury rate decrease during the study period. The trends for the 14 municipalities in relation to their municipality groups showed an inconsistent pattern, with only four municipalities exhibiting overall favourable trends for the study period.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 39, no 2, 267-273 p.
Intervention effectiveness, Community-based, Injury prevention, WHO Safe Community
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13874DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2006.07.007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-13874DiVA: diva2:22087